Archives of Clinical and Medical Case Reports. Due to the rarity of the disease, currently, no standard treatment protocol has been established for the treatment of vaginal melanomas. Unfortunately, vaginal melanomas are often only diagnosed at an advanced stage, and treatment options include local excision with wide margins, radical surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.
Vulvar cancer is a cancer of the vulvathe outer portion of the female genitals. Risk factors include vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia VINHPV infectiongenital wartssmoking, and many sexual partners. Prevention may include HPV vaccination.
Nuclear Oncology pp Cite as. Vulvar cancer is an uncommon malignancy in females and is less frequently seen as compared to cervical or endometrial cancer. Human papillomavirus HPV infection, chronic lichen simplex infection, and genital warts are considered some of the predisposing factors. While metastases occur in late-stage disease usually via lymphatic spreadmany lesions are seen in the early stages.
Vaginal cancer is an abnormal growth of malignant cancerous cells in the vagina. The vagina itself, sometimes referred to as the "birth canal," is a 3 — 4 inch hollow tube that runs from the vulva outside genitalia up to the cervix the lower part of the uterus, or womb. The walls of the vagina are often in a "closed" or collapsed position, but are able to expand significantly during sexual activity or delivery of a baby.
To investigate the clinical characteristics of and prognostic factors for primary malignant melanoma of the vagina. Clinical data from 31 patients treated for primary malignant melanoma of the vagina at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between March and June were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 58 years range, 18 to 73 yearsand the main symptoms reported were vaginal bleeding and vaginal discharge.
NCBI Bookshelf. This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the treatment of vulvar cancer. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients.
Once your diagnosis is confirmed, your doctor works to determine the size and extent stage of your cancer. Staging tests can include:. Your vulvar cancer is assigned a Roman numeral that denotes its stage.
Malignant melanoma of the vagina is a rare, aggressive malignancy of poor prognosis. It principally affects post-menopausal women, with a mean age of 57 years, and the factors that contribute to its appearance are not well known. The first case of primary malignant vaginal melanoma was reported in and modern literature has noted about cases, globally. Vaginal melanomas constitute 0.